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Witness Post: Volstead Act

On the verge of the roaring 20’s there was a national hysteria around the evils of alcohol. Thus started a decades long movement to stop the perils of drinking from corrupting the country. Congress enacted The National Prohibition Act, known informally as the Volstead Act, to carry out the intent of 18th Amendment to the Constitution. The Act officially established Prohibition as the law of the land. The attorney and social reformer, Wayne Wheeler, who had formed the Anti-Saloon League, conceived of the bill, drafted it, and named it after Andrew Volstead, the Chairman of the House Judiciary Committee. Volstead got the credit and blame for managing the bill through both Houses and into legislation.
Roots of Prohibition

 

According to the History Channel: In the 1820s and ’30s, a wave of religious revivalism swept the United States, leading to increased calls for temperance, as well as other “perfectionist” movements such as the abolition of slavery. In 1838, the state of Massachusetts passed a temperance law banning the sale of spirits in less than 15-gallon quantities; though the law was repealed two years later, it set a precedent for such legislation. Maine passed the first state prohibition law in 1846, and a number of other states had followed suit by the time the Civil War began in 1861.

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http://www.history.com/topics/prohibition

The Guts of the Volstead Act

While the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibited the production, sale, and transport of “intoxicating liquors,” it did not define “intoxicating liquors” or provide any penalties. It granted both the federal government and the states the power to enforce the ban by “appropriate legislation.” A bill to do so was introduced in Congress in 1919. Later this act was voided by the Twenty-first amendment.

Interestingly the bill was vetoed by President Woodrow Wilson, who claimed the law also covered wartime prohibition, a technical point rather than a fundamental one. His veto, however, was overridden by the House on the same day, October 27, 1919, and by the Senate one day later.

The three distinct purposes of the Volstead Act were:

  1. To prohibit intoxicating beverages,
  2. To regulate the manufacture, sale, or transport of intoxicating liquor (but not consumption), and
  3. To ensure an ample supply of alcohol and promote its use in scientific research and in the development of fuel, dye and other lawful industries and practices, such as religious rituals.

The Act further provided that “no person shall manufacture, sell, barter, transport, import, export, deliver, or furnish any intoxicating liquor except as authorized by this act.” It did not specifically prohibit the use of intoxicating liquors. The act defined intoxicating liquor as any beverage containing more than 0.5% alcohol by volume and superseded all existing prohibition laws in effect in states that had such legislation.

Andrew Volstead and his mustache

In the 1920’s after the passage of the Act, the US had a dramatic increase in the illegal production and sale of liquor (known as “bootlegging”). The bootlegging was accompanied with the proliferation of speakeasies (illegal drinking spots) and the rise in gang violence and other crimes. The crime wave led to waning support for Prohibition by the end of the 1920s. In early 1933, Congress adopted a resolution proposing a 21st Amendment to the Constitution that would repeal the 18th. It was ratified by the end of that year, bringing the Prohibition era to a close.

THE SPIRITS

Founded in 2004 in Oregon, House Spirits Distillery has a vision to be a leader of America’s craft distilling movement. Thirteen years later House Spirits Distillary is now an award-winning producer of “batch-distilled liquors” that are inspired by a passion for quality spirits and delicious cocktails.

According to its website House Spirits Distillery uses only ethically sourced ingredients. The staff strives to create only the finest beverages as it works under the watchful eye of the head distiller and talented bartenders.

Their flavorful, innovative lineup of includes Westward Oregon Straight Malt Whiskey, Krogstad Festlig Aquavit, Volstead Vodka and an elite line of limited release small-batch products.

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Produced in the heart of Portland’s famous Distillery Row, each of the spirits has the richness and craftsmanship to be enjoyed on their own and also lend themselves beautifully to everyone’s best-loved drinks and cocktails.

A 2013 Gold medal winner at the San Francisco World Spirits Competition, Volstead Vodka is a refreshingly sober approach to old-world potato vodka. The vodka is filtered for purity and smoothness. At 84 proof, Volstead is naturally gluten free and handcrafted using neutral grain spirits, pure Cascade mountain water and a deep respect for the cocktail making experience. And the alcohol is drily dedicated to Andrew Volstead, the father of Prohibition.

Image result for portland distillery row